Bangladesh – An Overview

Official Name of the Country The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Type of Government Parliamentary form of government. The President is the ceremonial head of the state and the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government with full executive power.
Geographic Location South Asia. Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East
Boundary North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) West - India (West Bengal) East - India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar South - Bay of Bengal. Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Area 147,570 sq. km. Mostly alluvial fertile plain land.
Climate / Seasons Main Seasons: Summer, Monsoon, Autumn, Late Autumn, Winter & Spring.

Climate variations:

Season

Temperature

Rainfall

Relative

humidity

maximum

minimum

Pre

monsoon

32.60C

22.40C

453 mm

74%

Monsoon

31.50C

25.50C

1,733 mm

86%

Post

monsoon

30.50C

21.40C

210 mm

80%

Winter

26.50C

13.90C

44 mm

73%

Annual

30.40C

21.20C

203 mm

78%

Standard Time GMT + 6 hours
National Demography(Sample Vital Registration System, 2013, BBS)

Total population (million)

154.7

Male (million)

78.3

Female (million)

76.4

Annual growth rate

1.37%

Sex ratio (males per 100 females)

102.6

Density (per sq. km)

1049

Official Language Bangla. English is generally spoken and widely understood
Religion Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian (0.3%) and other faiths (0.3%)
Capital Dhaka (Total area is 1416 sq. km. whereas Metropolitan area is 360 sq. km.)
Principal Crops & Seasonal Fruits Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.
Principal Minerals Natural gas, oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.
Principal Industries Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Shipbuilding, Fishing etc.
Principal Exports Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing etc.
Principal Imports Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum products, Cotton, Edible Oil, seeds, yarn, capital goods, machinery, power generating machinery, scientific & medical equipment, iron & steel, motor vehicles, raw cotton, chemicals etc.
Literacy Rate (Adult Literacy of Population 15+ yrs.)

National

: 61.0

Male

: 64.2%

Female

: 57.8%

Rural

: 57.0%

Urban

: 74.1%

Labor Force(Labor Force Survey 2010, BBS)

Total Labor Force

: 56.7 million

Male

: 39.5 million

Female

: 17.2 million

Employed

: 54.1 million

Unemployed

: 2.6 million

Unemploment Rate

: 4.5%

Refined Activity Rate

: 59.3%

Crude Activity Rate

: 38.1%

Female Labor Force Participation Rate

: 36%

GDP Total US$ 533.7 billion (at current prices, 2014 est.)
GDP per capita US$ 1,235 (at current prices, in FY 2014-15 est.)
GDP growth rate (%) 6.51% (at constant prices, 2014-15, Prov., BSS)
Total exports $ 31.2 billion (2014 est.)
Total imports $ 38.5 billion (2014 est.)
Total FDI US$ 1,833.87 million (2015, Bangladesh Bank)
Forex reserves US$ 26379.0 million (September 2015, Bangladesh Bank)
Currency Taka, written as BDT (1 US$ = 78.0500 BDT, as on 01 Nov 2015, Bangladesh Bank)
Seaports Chittagong and Mongla
Inland River Ports Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj
International Airports Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet
Domestic Airports Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal
Land Ports Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid,Nakugaon, Bilonia, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar, Bhomra, Gobrakora & Karaitoli.
Places of Tourist Interest Cox's Bazaar - world's largest and longest sea beach, Sundarban - the home of Royal Bengal Tiger and world's largest mangrove forest, Hill Districts in Chittagong (former Chittagong Hill Tracts), Kuakata and Parky sea beach, Foy's Lake, Dulahajra safari park, Sitakund echo park at Chittagong, century old historical sites at Dhaka, Paharpur, Moinamati, Mohastangar and lash green tea gardens of Sylhet, revirine life etc.
Energy Source Natural gas, Fuel wood, Liquid petroleum fuels, Coal, Hydropower, Solar power, Biogas etc.

Latest News & Events

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    Press Conference on IBFB 2017-18 FY Budget Observations
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    Second Stakeholder Round Table on  Overseas Investment by the Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs
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    The 12th Annual Conference and AGM of IBFB
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    IBFB Seminar on “Role of BIDA and proposed One Stop Service ...

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